Snakes are reptiles found in many parts of the world. Snake in Spain is considered slightly less deadly than snakes found throughout the Americas. We invite you to read on to learn a little more about them.

Snakes in Spain.

As in many countries, in Spain there are many different types of snakes that scare many people because some are poisonous, and others are simply very large. This is why these types of animals are so frightening.

Some can measure up to two meters, and snakes have something that sets them apart from other types of animals. That is, several species of reptiles. It can even be considered the largest number of reptiles.

Few species of this type of reptile are extinct, and the only country where there is still no evidence of snakes is in Antarctica for obvious reasons.

Snake and a garter snake in Spain?

Another name given to snakes is that of snakes, but perhaps there are differences between these terms. Because these two terms have similar meanings and refer to the same reptile, but not a species. A self-named in this way.

When we talk about snakes, we are referring to scientifically calling these reptiles because everyone knows that the reptile family includes many genera such as crocodiles, lizards, and turtles.

Snakes could be divided to:


venomous snake.


There are currently three species of snakes in Spain. This counts across Europe. There are only three snakes or snakes in Spain. Snakes are poisonous, snakes are harmless, and they are smaller in size.

Of the three types, the Spanish Viper, one is the only snake found in this city. We will then give you a list of all snakes found in Spain.

Vipera aspis – the terrifying viper of the Pyrenees

Snake in Spain

These vipers are found in Spain and are one of the following. The most feared of the poisonous animals is the aspis viper, or, as its characteristic name suggests, the Pyrenean viper, the largest ever seen in the city, measuring up to three meters, its color is very dark and its back is almost white, making it very conspicuous. However, in the human eye, it can be very dangerous for anyone trying to catch it.

Its habitat is the northeastern part of Spain, where it likes mountains and there are many places with alpine mountains but can be found in many forests and thickets of the area, where she hides her reaction before attacking when she sees animals or people approaching. They prefer to eat and use their bites only when they feel threatened or there is an animal species that may endanger them.

Vipera seoanei – The Cantabrian Viper – Spanish Viper

Snake in Spain

Native to Portugal, the Cambrian viper is not as venomous as previous vipers, but it can be fatal if not treated in a timely manner. This snake measures two meters in size and is chromatic in various shades of red, gray, brown, and black, and is mainly found in the mountainous regions of Spain.

The prey is: Bald eagles , wild cats, otters, foxes and genes.

The species was first discovered in 1879 and entered the genus Viper in 1976 and is characterized by the presence of three abdominal scales, making the venom highly toxic.

Vipera latastei – long snout viper from the Iberian Peninsula.

Snake in Spain

This is Spain’s most populous snake, but it is not found in the Cambrian or Pyrenees, most of which live in stone walls and can grow up too many meters in size.

This is the viper most likely to be attacked by humans, as it can be seen a lot in homes, urbanization, etc. One advantage to humans is that the venom is non-lethal and is the weakest of all vipers inhabiting Spain. It is characterized by the appearance of horns on its snout, which is one of its most distinguishing features from others.

This snake was first discovered in 1878 and entered the genus of viper in 1953. Its behavior is nocturnal in some seasons of the year and daytime in other seasons, and its prey is based on small mammals, many species of birds, and some invertebrates. Breeding is once a year and can give birth to two to three snakes.

Malpolon monspessulanus – bad snake in Spain.

Snake in Spain

The gnome’s snake is the largest snake living in Spain, reaching up to two meters in length and is mainly found on the Iberian Peninsula and in fields. It is poisonous and usually easily attacks foreign objects, but is venomous, but does not inject poison when biting, so it belongs to the genus Colubrid. This happens because its canine usually doesn’t take a good position. However, snake bites are fatal, so any person or animal attacked should be treated.

Macroprotodon cucullatus – hooded snake in Spain

Snake in Spain

These snakes are really small, about 2 feet long and are located in Morocco as they prefer hot areas, sandy areas and open forests, and although they have nocturnal habits, no one has been known to have been attacked by a cogula snake., this is considered one of the most dangerous of all species in Spain.

The small mouth makes it impossible to inject prey or venom into animals. It is an animal that gives off a feeling of danger. Also known as a fake snake, it was first discovered in 1827. Its habitat is almost threatened.

Its behavior is nocturnal and feeds on small lizards, birds, or small mammals.

Green-yellow snake in Spain (Coluber viridiflavus)

Snake in Spain

This snake has the most names in European countries due to its color when it reaches adulthood, but in Spain it lives in the Pyrenees, mostly in Switzerland.

It was first observed in 1789 and entered the genus Colubrid in 1854, and there are many specimens of descendants.

Snub-nosed viper :

Snake in Spain

This venomous snake is found in many parts of Spain and is considered poisonous and dangerous to humans. The snail-nosed viper is rather rare and is classified as endangered. In Spain, the main areas of distribution are the high mountains and the national parks – but the slip-nosed viper is also found in other areas. The poisonous animal also lives in Portugal and North Africa, but not on the Canary Islands or Mallorca. The snake is only about 40-60 cm long and has a zig-zag pattern, similar to a adder (which the snail-nosed viper is often confused with).

North Iberian adder.

Snake in Spain

(Also more rarely referred to as Spanish adder):
The neurotoxin of this adder is also considered dangerous for humans. The snake is found almost exclusively in the northern quarter of Spain. It also has a zig-zag pattern but is slightly darker than the rat viper. Different subspecies have different poisons. The venomous snake has a length of up to 70cm.

Lizard Snake in Spain.

Snake in Spain

Dangerous venomous bites from this snake are rare on humans for two reasons: First, the Lizard Snake is very shy. On the other hand, the fangs sit far back in the mouth of the poisonous snake. So you usually don’t get any poison at all when you bite. With a length of over 2 meters in some cases, the lizard snake is the longest snake in Europe. It exists in large parts of Spain and Portugal, and many other European countries as well.

Stair Snake.

Snake in Spain

This snake’s name comes from the stair-like pattern on the back of younger Stair Snakes. The snake is found throughout Spain and the Balearic Islands. It grows to about 1.5 meters long and is often ocher in colour. Stair snakes are often seen dead on roads (run over).

Horseshoe Snake (Rage Snake).

Snake in Spain

This snake bites quickly when threatened, causing deep, profusely bleeding bite wounds. The horseshoe snake often bites several times in quick succession.

The snake has a dark surface (sometimes dark blue) and lives throughout Spain, mostly in arid, desert-like regions. The length of the adult animal is about 1.5 meters.

The horseshoe snake belongs to the wrath snake family. That’s why the snake is sometimes simply referred to as the Spanish Wrath Snake. The horseshoe snake has been introduced to Mallorca and is spreading quickly. Many horseshoe snakes now live, especially in the north-east of Mallorca. Traps are now being set up in some communities. According to a report from the summer of 2017, several hundred snakes have already been caught in this way.

The horseshoe snake is now also found on the island of Formentera. The snake species spreads quickly on the Balearic Islands because they have few natural enemies here. In Mallorca and other islands of Spain, the snake species is at risk of becoming a major problem in the coming decades.

Smooth Snake.

Snake in Spain

This small snake is rather harmless and shy. It occurs in many parts of Europe, including Germany, Austria and especially Switzerland . The snake looks similar to a adder. It is common in Spain but rarely seen.

Aesculapian Snake.

Snake in Spain

This non-venomous snake is the well-known snake symbol of pharmacists (Aesculapius’ staff) in many countries. The Aesculapian snake is a large snake (up to 2 meters long). It can be yellowish, brown, gray or almost black.

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