It is the favorite travel destination to many people: Spain. Whether it’s the mainland, the Canary Islands or the Balearic Islands, the country between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean has a lot to offer.
We have put together for you the famous landmarks from Spain you should not miss.
For nature lovers, the Spanish national parks offer the perfect opportunity for long hikes through nature.
The metropolises of Madrid and Barcelona, on the other hand, provide a variety of city trips and the many beaches on the Spanish islands are exactly what sun -seekers are looking for on vacation.
Plaza Mayor in Madrid in (famous in Spain)
The first of the famous landmarks from Spain.
It is the top sight in Madrid and of course also belongs on the list of sights in Spain.
The main square of Madrid – a little more sonorous in Spanish – the Plaza Mayor.
The Plaza Mayor is located in the center of Madrid and is 129 meters long and 94 meters wide.
The square is surrounded by three-story buildings with balconies and arcades.
Today the square is a popular meeting place for tourists and locals alike .
You can taste delicious food and other culinary delights in the many restaurants and cafes that you can find around the square.
The Plaza Mayor already existed in the 15th century. At that time it was the central market place of Madrid.
When the royal court was moved to Madrid, King Philip II had the square redesigned.
The works lasted from 1590 to 1619.
La Iglesia Nuestra Señora de Regla in Fuerteventura
It is one of the most beautiful churches and the famous landmarks from Spain on the Canary Island of Fuerteventura.
The church can be found in the town of Pájara, it was built in 1685.
Neither the master builder nor the stonemason responsible for the ornate decorations on the outer facade are known.
The entrance portal is decorated with Aztec motifs and gives the church a very special look.
Retiro Park in Madrid, (very famous Spain)
Of course, it is also one of the top sights in Spain, the Retiro Park in Madrid. And is a popular destination for Madrilenians and tourists alike.
In the spacious park, which was once laid out as a royal garden, you can roam to your heart’s content.
Thanks to the large number of trees in Retiro Park, you can go for a walk in the shade or enjoy the sun.
You can do your rounds in a pedal boat on an artificial pond or stroll through the rose garden.
A special highlight is the crystal palace.
This building consists almost entirely of glass and its construction is reminiscent of a historic bird cage.
The impression is reinforced by the fact that many birds are fluttering around in the building.
El Teide National Park in Tenerife (Landmark in Spain)
The national park is located in the heart of the island around Mount Teide.
It is considered as famous landmarks from Spain.
The volcano is also the highest mountain in all of Spain.
It rises to around 7,500 meters above the sea floor.
The main attraction for tourists is the cable car station, which takes you a few meters below the summit.
If you want to go to the summit, you need an extra permit.
You can get these online, since these are strictly limited, it is worthwhile to ensure such a permit in good time.
When you get off the cable car, you can walk through the volcanic rock on paved paths and enjoy the view from the volcano.
You can either take a rental car or the bus to the valley station of the cable car, or you can make your way up on foot.
Many signposted paths run through the national park.
Segovia Aqueduct (Important landmark in Spain)
About an hour’s drive from Madrid is this Spain attraction that attracts countless visitors every year.
The Segovia Aqueduct is an impressive example of Roman architecture.
Along with the old town of Segovia, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
It was probably completed in AD 98.
It was in operation until 1974 and pumped water from the mountains into the city.
The water covered a total distance of around 17 kilometers from the mountains.
Overall, the aqueduct is up to 28 meters high and has 166 round arches in the double-arched section.
The length of the above-ground aqueduct is 728 meters.
Puig Major in Mallorca, (famous landmark in Spain)
The nature lovers among you will also get their money’s worth on Mallorca.
A tour through the Serra de Tramuntana mountains and around the associated Puig Major Mountain is recommended here.
With a height of 1445 meters it is the highest mountain in Mallorca.
A variety of hiking trails run through the Serra de Tramuntana mountains, so that everyone can find the right path for their needs.
The best times to go hiking are the months of May and September.
In summer it is often very warm and from October it gets very rainy in this region, later in the year snow falls on more than 1000 meters, which stays for a long time.
A hiking tour that is recommended leads from the small town of Escorca to Sollér.
The route takes you past picturesque reservoirs.
On the way you have the opportunity to see lizards, mountain goats or other native animals.
Sagrada Família in Barcelona (famous landmark in Spain)
It is the symbol of Barcelona and of course one of the most famous sights in Spain:
It was designed by the well-known artist Antoni Gaudi.
On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of his death in 2026, the construction work should be completed and the church finished.
Construction work began in 1882.
The striking architecture of the church, both inside and out, is definitely worth a tour.
Each pillar in the interior is reminiscent of a tree that branches out towards the ceiling.
In addition, the central vault is impressive with a height of 75 meters.
La Giralda and Cathedral of Seville, (famous landmark in Spain)
The building ensemble of Giralda, the former minaret of Seville’s main mosque and the cathedral are one of the landmarks of the Andalusian capital .
Like no other building, they stand for the eventful history of Seville.
Because today’s cathedral was built from 1401 to 1519 on the remains of the demolished mosque.
Only the minaret was left standing and continued to be used as a bell tower.
The Gothic cathedral is one of the largest churches in the world and has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1987.
In it you will also find the tomb of Christopher Columbus, erected in 1902.
Although his remains made a small trip around the world after his death in 1506, Spanish scientists confirmed the authenticity of the remains through a DNA test in 2006.
Loro Parque in Tenerife, Spain
Another popular Spanish attraction can be found on the Canary Island of Tenerife.
Loro Parque in Puerto de la Cruz was opened in 1972 and is now one of the top attractions on the island.
It was founded by Wolfgang Kiessling from Cologne and his father.
The park is best known for its large colony of parrots and parrot breeding efforts.
Of the approximately 800 known parrot species, around 350 live in Loro Parque.
You can also see so many animals in this zoo. In the largest penguinarium in the world, you can experience 250 penguins in a perfect replica of their natural habitat.
It snows 12 tons of snow here every day. There are also tigers, sharks, sea lions, dolphins and orcas.
The latter animals also appear in shows.
Loro Park is one of the last three zoos in Europe to have orcas perform in shows.
Alcazaba and Roman Theater in Malaga, Spain
There are two buildings in the city of Málaga that are on the list of the most beautiful sights in Spain.
The old Alcazaba fortifications that you can see above the city and the Roman theater just below.
Calla Alcazaba, Málaga’s most beautiful pedestrian street, runs right past these two unique highlights.
The Alcazaba dates from the 11th century and can be visited by you today. Inside you will find special exhibitions on various topics.
Here you can experience Arabic and Roman architecture in a very small space.
And you have a wonderful view of the city and the harbor from the Alcazaba.
The Roman theater right below the fortress was built under Emperor Augustus in the first century AD.
Until the third century AD it was used as a theater and meeting place.
In the eighth century, the Arabs used it to build the Alcazaba.
It wasn’t until 1951 that the theater was rediscovered and opened to the public.
Playa de las Canteras in Gran Canaria in Spain
In the island capital of Gran Canaria you will find the beautiful Playa de las Canteras.
This approximately 3 km long sandy beach is considered by the locals to be the most beautiful beach on the island, if not in all of Spain.
On the wide natural sandy beach everyone will find the right spot for themselves during a Gran Canaria holiday .
Whether as a child on the large playground, as a sun-seeker on one of the many loungers or as an active vacationer jogging on the beach.
You will also find many different water sports here.
Thanks to a natural limestone reef, there are hardly any waves, so the beach is also very suitable for families.
Already around 100 years ago, the beach of Las Palmas was a popular tourist attraction.
A well-kept beach promenade runs along Playa de las Canteras.
Here you can eat in one of the many restaurants and enjoy the view of the water.
Park Guell in Barcelona, (famous landmark in Spain)
The next sight of Spain takes us back to the capital of Catalonia.
Park Güell is one of the main attractions of Barcelona and attracts a large number of tourists every year.
The park was designed by the industrialist Eusebi Güell.
The architect and artist Antoni Gaudí took on the design.
In his work, he used the nature of the landscape , creating a spacious park with a unique landscape.
Antoni Gaudi was inspired by nature and used the colors of nature for his artworks.
Gaudí ‘s typical broken pottery adorns a large number of benches, pavilions or terraces.
The curved and wavy forms are also typical of Gauí’s art.
Timanfaya National Park in Lanzarote, Spain
This attraction, which you can find on the Spanish island of Lanzarote, is all about nature.
The Timanfaya National Park is around 51 square kilometers in size and occupies a quarter of the Canary Island.
Unreal volcanic landscapes and lava fields await you in the national park .
The landscape is particularly beautiful when the sun is shining: then the volcanic mountains glitter in the colors red-brown to black.
The volcanic landscape was created between 1730 and 1736 when around 100 volcanoes spewed lava from around 300 craters.
However, you are not allowed to explore the national park on your own, as the paths are not secured.
You can join a guided hike or explore the countryside by camel or by bus.
Nowhere else will you get a better impression of the formation of volcanoes and their eruptions than here in Timanfaya.
Torre des Savinar in Ibiza, Spain
The Balearic island of Ibiza is of course also on the list of Spanish attractions .
In addition to many highlights, it is the old pirate tower Torre d’es Savinar that attracts visitors here.
In the 18th century the tower was used for protection against pirates.
From here the guards had a good view of the sea and were able to raise the alarm in good time in the event of imminent danger.
Today the pirate tower is a popular destination on the island and is used as a lookout tower.
From there you not only have a great view of the rugged coastal landscape, but also of the rocky island of Es Vedrá.
If you want to get very close to the island, you can book a boat trip with one of the providers.
Old Town of Valencia in Spain
Valencia, on the southeast coast of mainland Spain, is a popular destination for tourists from all over the world.
Because the city not only has beautiful beaches, but also plenty of cultural institutions, museums and a beautiful old town.
So it clearly belongs on the list of Spanish highlights.
The city’s main square, the Plaza de la Virgen , is a particular attraction. Locals and tourists like to meet here and enjoy the good weather.
In the square you will also find the Basilica de la Virgen de los Desamparados .
The sacred building was already built in the 17th century.
She shouldn’t be missing from your Valencia to-do list.
Right next to it you will find the Cathedral of Valencia . Like the basilica, it also has a richly decorated vaulted ceiling.
Other buildings that you should visit in the old town of Valencia are the old city gate Torres de Serranos, the Silk Exchange and the Marqués de Dos Aguas Palace.
Museo Picasso in Malaga in Spain
Not far from the birthplace of Pablo Picasso you will find the Museo Picasso in Málaga. It is located in the Palacio de Buenavista, a typical 16th-century building.
Since 2003 you can visit the Picasso Museum.
More than 200 works , paintings, ceramics and sculptures are exhibited there.
There is also an overview of the artist’s various creative periods.
In addition to the works by Picasso in the permanent exhibition, there are also temporary exhibitions that deal with his works from certain aspects or with other artists such as Andy Warhol.
This is how you experience Picasso’s work in the context of other artists.
Ballermann 6 in Mallorca, (One of the most important landmarks in Spain)
The beach bar Ballermann 6, which has been known as “Beach Club Six” since 2017, is particularly iconic on the beach promenade, which is summarized under Ballermann .
At around 270 meters you will find 15 identical beach bars, numbered from 1 to 15, on the Ballermann – a modification of the word Balneario.
All these locations are probably also known to those of you who have never been here.
Since 2014, however, the Mallorca police have put a small stop to the excessive parties on the beach promenade.
Alcohol is no longer allowed to be sold in the supermarkets between midnight and 8 a.m., and the legendary binge drinking is also forbidden on the beach.
Cala Mitjana and Cala Mitjaneta in Menorca, Spain
You can find these two picturesque bays on the Balearic island of Menorca. They are right next to each other on the south coast of the island and are truly a real attraction of Spain .
The best way to reach the bays is on foot.
Two beautiful bays await you, with crystal clear and turquoise water .
White sand and beautiful cliffs complete the picture of a perfect beach.
The bays of Cala Mitjana and Cala Mitjaneta are embedded in green and untouched nature.
Caldera de Taburiente National Park on La Palma, Spain
And another national park, which is one of the most beautiful sights in Spain.
This varied landscape awaits you on the Canary Island of La Plama .
The Caldera de Taburiente National Park is around 4700 hectares in size.
In the volcanic landscape you can go hiking on your own or join a guided tour.
These start at the visitor center in El Paso.
Special highlights of the national park are a waterfall colored by minerals, mountain streams and an observatory.
Embark on a hike through the volcanic nature of La Palma.
Los Organos basalt columns on La Gomera, Spain
The small island of La Gomera , which belongs to the Canary Islands, also has a lot to offer.
A special highlight are the Los Organos .
This uniquely shaped rock massif on the north coast of the island is a popular tourist destination.
Los Organos basalt columns, reminiscent of organ pipes, are the remains of a volcanic eruption.
The cooled lava flowed into the sea here on the steeply sloping coast and formed this bizarre shape.
You can only see Los Organos from the water by boat.
If you are prone to seasickness, however, be prepared that the Atlantic waves can often be rough and stormy here.
On the way to the basalt columns, the ship passes beautiful bays, small coastal towns and valleys.
If you are lucky, you can even see whales and dolphins on your trip.
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